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Types of Lace: How many do you know?

In this article, let’s discuss different types of lace.

Lace is a fabric with an openwork pattern made by weaving or embroidery.

It has been used mainly for borders, but in recent years, wider widths have been produced by machines, and it is now also used as outer fabric for clothing.

Embroidery Lace

Fabric is embroidered with an openwork pattern using an embroidery lace machine.

Embroidery means embroidery and is also called embroidered lace.

Since the base fabric is woven, it is durable among laces and is widely used for clothing, tablecloths, etc.

It is probably the most commonly used lace.

23378-1 Cotton Lace

23378-1 コットンレース 協和レース

Chemical Lace

After embroidery is applied to the fabric, the fabric is dissolved with chemicals, leaving only the embroidered part.

Since only the embroidered part remains, it looks like thread lace and looks luxurious, so it is often used for dresses and formal wear.

25110 Chemical Lace from Kyowa Lace

25110 ケミカルレース 協和レース

Tulle Lace

This lace uses tulle as the base fabric and is embroidered with tulle.

The transparency of the tulle gives the fabric a gorgeous impression, and it is used for dresses and veils.

Tulle skirts are also popular.

24079 Tulle Lace Kyowa Lace

24079 チュールレース 協和レース

Russell Lace

This is a general term for lace made on a raschel knitting machine, in which the yarn is knitted to create a pattern.

It was created to make expensive river lace inexpensively.

River lace uses a lot of yarn and takes a long time to produce, but with a raschel weaving machine, half the yarn is used and it can be knitted at high speed, so it can be mass-produced.

It can be mass-produced and is less expensive than River Lace.

In comparison, river lace is superior in terms of delicacy, but recently improved technology has made it possible to produce more elaborate patterns that are more similar to river lace.

In addition to dresses and cut-and-sewn clothing, it is often used as a material for undergarments such as camisoles and brassieres.

12683 Cotton and Nylon Russell Lace SUNWELL

12683 コットン・ナイロンラッセルレース SUNWELL(サンウェル)

Bobbin Lace: Torchon Lace

A mechanized version of bobbin lace, this lace is made by crossing threads spun on bobbins to create a rough mesh pattern using a Jacquard device. Since it is woven with thicker threads, the weave is coarser and more durable.

It can only be made in narrow widths and is used for borders.

SIC-7213 Torchon Lace / 13mm SHINDO

SIC-7213 トーションレース/13ミリ SHINDO

Bobbin Lace: Leavers Lace

This lace is made by twisting threads.

It gets its name because it is woven on the River knitting machine developed by John Leavers of England.

It has a delicate texture due to the use of many fine yarns, and is more luxurious than Russell lace, which is an imitation of Leavers lace, and is positioned as the highest class of lace.

It is used for wedding dresses and high-end lingerie.

SIC-7939 Leavers Trimming Lace/64mm SHINDO

SIC-7939 リバートリミングレース/64ミリ SHINDO


How many types of lace you know that not included in this list? Let us know down below!

Lace is used for a variety of things, from luxurious items such as wedding dresses to everyday items such as underwear, due to its gorgeousness.

By decorating with lace, you can easily create neatness and cuteness.

For more lace ribbon trims and lace fabric, please visit ApparelX Lace product list!

Hi guys, this is Jane, the editor of ApparelX News. As a foreigner living in Tokyo, I hope my posts will help international readers get an overview about Japanese fashion industry as well as Japanese culture!